- Colosseum, Italy
Among the numerous Roman remains, Colosseum is the most instantly recognizable by its sheer size. It is an elliptical amphitheater with 80 entrances and a capacity of about 50,000 spectators. Colosseum is situated in the centre of Rome and built of stone and concrete in the first century A.D on the site of Nero’s Golden Palace (built around 72AD under the emperor Vespasian and finished in 80AD under the rule of Titus). It is considered as a monument to the power of Rome Empire, a reminder of the human desire for spectacular entertainment and as one of the greatest architectural feats achieved by the Ancient Romans.
Colosseum is an UNESCO’s World Heritage Site and one of the most famous structures in the world, attracting millions of visitors from all over the world each year.
- Acropolis, Greece
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens. This impressive site contains the remains of many ancient buildings of architectural and historic significance that date back to before 300 BC, including the Parthenon, the Old Temple of Athena and other ancient important structures. Its magnificent buildings and architecture has had an influence throughout the ages and is still imitated today.
When you climb on the Acropolis, you are on your own way to see the Greece’s most famous temple – the Parthenon. The construction of the Parthenon started in 447 BC dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, replacing an older temple that was destroyed by the Persians, and completed in 432 BC. The architecture and sheer size of this ancient temple is a must-see for anyone.
- Stonehenge, UK
Stonehenge is considered as one of the most archaeologically rich in Europe located in a World Heritage Site of over 2000 hectares. The Neolithic and Bronze Age finds and structures as well as some 200 scheduled monuments found here date back to 3,000 BC. It is also the site of one of the biggest Chalk grassland reversion projects in the world. Nobody really knows why and who built this enormous structure around 5,000 years ago, but it remains among the best ancient sites in Europe and a truly amazing place to visit. It takes about 1.5 hours to drive to Stonehenge from London.
- Mont Saint Michel, Normandy
Miles from the popular Parisian landmarks, the craggy rock of Mont Saint Michel surrounded by sea in the high tide and sand in the low one, is one of France’s top attractions. This impressive site is perfectly combined by a sacred site for more than a millennium, the early medieval abbey, the fortified village and the most recent additions. It made Mont Saint Michel be considered as a “Wonder of the West” and be an UNESCO’s World heritage site visited by more than 3 million people annually.
- Berlin Wall, Germany
Located between the districts of Wedding and Mitte on Bernauer Straße, Berlin Wall is one of the top pick when visiting Berlin. It was constructed by the German Democratic Republic in 1961 to ‘protect’ its population from fascism. Then the Wall was mostly demolished between June and November 1990 although a restored stretch remains between East and West Germany. Today the surviving section of the wall and watchtower enable visitors to get a real feel for the reality of the border facilities.
- Auschwitz Concentration Camp, Poland
This is the most notorious and largest concentration camp established in April 1940, where is considered as the largest mass murder site in human history. There were millions of people of 28 nationalities died in the camp after being delivered there by trains from all over European countries occupied by the Germans during World War II. Today, Auschwitz has been turned into a museum and gives visitors an opportunity to see where and how prisoners lived first hand.
- La Alhambra, Granada, Spain
The name of Alhambra in Arabic means “red or crimson castle”. Alhambram is the ninth-century Moorish palace and fortress, where the towers and walls surround the entire La Sabika hill. Turned into a lavish palace with sumptuous courtyards and glorious statues since the 14th century, the magnificent Alhambra remains an astonishing reminder of the Arab rule on the Iberian Peninsula. Despite being partly destroyed in the 18th century it is still one of Spain’s finest examples of Islamic architecture.
- Tower of London, UK
The Tower of London is a historic site located on the north bank of the Thames river, in the central London. It has been a royal mint, a menagerie, a records office, a citadel, a palace, a fortress and a prison during its 900 years of history, however, nowadays Tower of London is one of the most famous castles attracting more than 2 million visitors a year, notable for holding many famous and infamous prisoners and for housing the crown jewels as well as royal residence of the Queen.
- Palace of Versailles, France
Palace of Versailles was originally the hunting lodge of France’s King Louis XIII which was transformed into the royal residence of French kings from Louis XIV to Louis XVI. After the French Revolution in 1789, it ceased to be a permanent royal residence. In the late 19th and 20th centuries, many of the museum areas was converted back into palace space by the Versailles curators to show how the palace looked before the French Revolution.
- Pompeii, Italy
Located on a plateau formed by the Vesuvius volcano’s lava flow, the origin of Pompeii is uncertain. The city dominated the valley around the Sarno River, the delta of which hosted a busy port. A mixed population of Etruscans, Greeks and other Italic peoples led to the city’s development. Re-discovered in 1748, the compelling archaeological site of Pompeii provides an insight into the lives of the ancient Romans destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Vesuvius in 79AD, attracting millions of culture seekers around the world yearly.